The word Emerald derives from the Greek word smaragdus, meaning green, and has been mined in Egypt as early as 330 B.C, it was one of Cleopatra’s favourite gemstones.The ancient Egyptians believed that Emeralds stood for rebirth and fertility, and could ease childbirth and many Mummies would be buried with an Emerald around their neck in hopes of bringing them eternal youth.
Emerald gets its famous intense green colour from the presence of chromium and vanadium and it is in fact very rare that Emeralds are completely flawless. However, they are often admired for their individuality, with each inclusion acting as ‘nature’s fingerprint’ on the gemstone. Emeralds are admired for their beauty in their own right and are viewed in a very different way to many other gemstones.
One of the world’s largest emeralds to be discovered is the Mogul emerald, weighing an impressive 217.80cts it is approximately 10cm high. One side is engraved with Islamic prayers and the other is engraved with decorative flowers. The emerald is thought to have come from the reign of Emperor Aurangzeb, one of the last of the Mogul rulers and It was sold at auction in London for $2.2 million to an anonymous buyer in 2001.
A large majority of the worlds emeralds are mined in Colombia, Brazil, Afghanistan, and Zambia. However, the most sought after Emeralds for both investment and beauty tend to be from the mines of Colombia. At G Collins and Sons we source our clients some of the finest Emeralds in the world and we are very proud of the quality of gemstones that we can provide.